KABUL: America descended on Afghanistan and its Taliban govt in 2001 within the wake of the 9/11 assaults by way of Al-Qaeda, which had sought sanctuary within the nation.
With American and NATO troops having all however departed Afghanistan after twenty years of conflict, here’s a timeline of key occasions:
‘Warfare on terror’
On October 7, 2001 — lower than a month after the 9/11 assaults that killed round 3,000 other folks in america — President George W. Bush launches “Operation Enduring Freedom” in Afghanistan.
The ruling Taliban have been sheltering Osama bin Weighted down and his Al-Qaeda motion, which performed the 9/11 assaults.
The operation opens an army entrance in the USA “conflict on terrorism” and inside weeks, US-led forces overthrow the Taliban, who have been in energy since 1996.
About 1,300 American infantrymen are at the flooring by way of November 2001, emerging to just about 10,000 the following 12 months.
American consideration is diverted from Afghanistan when US forces invade Iraq in March 2003 to oust dictator Saddam Hussein.
The fragmented Taliban and different outfits regroup of their strongholds in southern and jap Afghanistan, from the place they may be able to simply go back and forth, and release an insurgency.
In 2008, the USA command in Afghanistan requires extra manpower. President Bush sends further infantrymen, bringing the overall to 48,500 US troops deployed.
Height of 100,000 US troops
In 2009, Barack Obama — elected president after a marketing campaign that promised to finish the Iraq and Afghanistan wars — boosts the USA presence to round 68,000. In December, he sends some other 30,000 troops.
The target is to stymie the rising Taliban insurgency and make stronger Afghan establishments.
Via 2010, about 150,000 overseas infantrymen are deployed in Afghanistan, of which 100,000 are American.
Bin Weighted down killed
Osama bin Weighted down is killed on Would possibly 2, 2011 in a US particular forces operation in Pakistan.
Struggle operations finish
The NATO alliance ends its fight venture in Afghanistan in December 2014.
However round 12,500 overseas infantrymen — of which 9,800 are American — stay to coach Afghan troops and habits anti-terrorist operations.
Safety in Afghanistan deteriorates because the Taliban’s insurgency spreads, with a department of the Islamic State (IS) workforce additionally changing into energetic in South Asia in 2015.
President Donald Trump scraps any timetables for a US pullout and re-commits 1000’s extra infantrymen in August 2017.
Alternatively, fatal assaults multiply, particularly in opposition to Afghan forces. America dramatically steps up air moves.
The next 12 months, Washington and Taliban representatives discreetly open talks in Doha, led by way of US particular envoy Zalmay Khalilzad, concerned with slashing the American army footprint in Afghanistan.
In go back, Washington calls for that the Taliban save you the rustic from getting used as a haven for militant teams together with Al-Qaeda.
On February 29, 2020, america and the Taliban signal a ancient deal.
It paves the way in which for the withdrawal of all overseas forces from Afghanistan by way of Would possibly 2021 — in go back for the insurgents providing some safety promises and agreeing to carry peace talks with the Afghan govt.
The peace talks start on September 12 however violence surges in Afghanistan and negotiations between the Taliban and Afghan govt stall.
The Taliban are blamed for a wave of focused killings in opposition to high-profile activists, politicians, newshounds and dealing ladies.
Troop numbers by way of the top of Trump’s presidency in January 2021 fall to two,500 as reinforce for army motion wanes.
As of February, NATO has round 10,000 carrier participants within the nation, the most important contingent of which is from america.
President Joe Biden pronounces he’s going to stick with the settlement with the Taliban, however delays the drawdown time limit till 9/11.
Violence surges after the neglected Would possibly 1 time limit and the Taliban release a blistering offensive, shooting a lot of rural districts on the subject of main towns, stirring fears that Afghan safety forces will buckle as soon as US and world troops depart.
Officers on June 2 announce the departure of all US and NATO troops from Bagram, Afghanistan’s greatest air base, signalling that your entire withdrawal of overseas forces is forthcoming.
Bagram served because the linchpin for US-led operations in Afghanistan, and the facility of Afghan forces to carry the bottom is prone to turn out pivotal to keeping up safety in within reach Kabul and maintaining force at the militants.
The Taliban welcome the newest step within the pullout of overseas troops.