From 9/11, to intense combating at the floor, and now complete withdrawal of US-led forces, right here’s what came about.
Al-Qaeda, led by way of Osama Bin Encumbered in Afghanistan, carries out the biggest terror assault ever performed on US soil.
4 industrial airliners are hijacked. Two are flown into the International Industry Centre in New York, which collapses. One hits the Pentagon construction in Washington, and one crashes right into a box in Pennsylvania. Just about 3,000 individuals are killed.
First air moves
A US-led coalition bombs Taliban and al-Qaeda amenities in Afghanistan. Objectives come with Kabul, Kandahar and Jalalabad. The Taliban refuse at hand over Bin Encumbered. Their air defences and small fleet of fighter plane are destroyed.
Fall of Kabul
The Northern Alliance, a bunch of anti-Taliban rebels subsidized by way of coalition forces, enters Kabul because the Taliban flee the town.
Through the 13 November 2001, all Taliban have both fled or been neutralised. Different towns briefly fall.
After protracted negotiations at a “loya jirga” or grand meeting, the brand new Afghan charter is signed into legislation. The charter paves the best way for presidential elections in October 2004.
Hamid Karzai turns into president
Hamid Karzai, the chief of the Popalzai Durrani tribe, turns into the primary president beneath the brand new charter. He serves two five-year phrases as president.
UK troops deployed to Helmand
British troops arrive in Helmand province, a Taliban stronghold within the south of the rustic.
Their preliminary challenge is to strengthen reconstruction initiatives, however they’re briefly drawn into battle operations. Greater than 450 British troops lose their lives in Afghanistan over the process the battle.
US President Barack Obama approves a significant building up within the selection of troops despatched to Afghanistan. At their height, they quantity about 140,000.
The so-called “surge” is modelled on US technique in Iraq the place US forces focussed on protective the civilian inhabitants in addition to killing rebel combatants.
Osama Bin Encumbered killed
The chief of al-Qaeda is killed in an attack by way of US Military Seals on a compound in Abbottabad in Pakistan. Bin Encumbered’s frame is got rid of and buried at sea. The operation ends a 10-year hunt led by way of the CIA. The affirmation that Bin Encumbered have been residing on Pakistani soil fuels accusations in america that Pakistan is an unreliable best friend within the conflict on terror.
Loss of life of Mullah Omar
The founding father of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammed Omar, dies. His loss of life is stored secret for greater than two years.
In line with Afghan intelligence, Mullah Omar dies of well being issues at a sanatorium within the Pakistani town of Karachi. Pakistan denies that he used to be within the nation.
Nato ends battle operations
At a rite in Kabul, Nato ends its battle operations in Afghanistan. With the surge now over, america withdraws 1000’s of troops. Maximum of those that stay focal point on coaching and supporting the Afghan safety forces.
The Taliban release a chain of suicide assaults, automobile bombings and different attacks. The parliament construction in Kabul, and the town of Kunduz are attacked. Islamic State militants start operations in Afghanistan.
Loss of life toll announcement
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani says greater than 45,000 participants of his nation’s safety forces were killed since he changed into chief in 2014. The determine is a ways upper than up to now idea.
US indicators handle Taliban
The United States and the Taliban signal an “settlement for bringing peace” to Afghanistan, in Doha, Qatar. The United States and Nato allies conform to withdraw all troops inside 14 months if the militants uphold the deal.
Date for ultimate withdrawal
US forces are scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan by way of 11 September 2021, precisely two decades since 9/11. There are robust indications that the withdrawal is also entire sooner than the reliable closing date.